Marian Chapman - UK, Born 10 ounces (283g) at 34 weeks
|For many years, The Guinness Book of World Records, The Human Body Section, Reproductivity, Babies read:|
Her mother was unaware of being pregnant and Marian was born into a chamber pot. Birth weight recorded as 10 oz (283g), length 12.25 inches (31 cm); born unattended; nursed by Dr. D. A. Shearer, who fed her hourly for the first 30 hours with brandy, glucose, and water through a fountain-pen filler and Dr Shearer said he could have put her in his breast pocket.
Nearly all babies in 1938 were born at home, usually delivered by a neighbour. In 1938 there were no such things as incubators, with their oxygen supply and temperature controls. Marian was placed in a washing basket lined with cotton wool to keep her warm.
Among items not normally on display are a set of clothes made for the Tyneside baby, who for a long time had the lowest birth weight on record for a surviving infant. Her first clothes were made out of silk, because her skin was too sensitive for other fabrics, and for a long time she was dressed in doll's clothing.
Her first official visitor was Nancy Bradley, the Mayoress of South Shields. She gave Marian this gift of a silver napkin ring, which has been engraved with the letter 'M'.
Marian Chapman (Tay Street) South Shields, was well known around the local Tyneside area. Locals could be heard to say in the local accent - "she was, Nee bigger than half a pund o' butter".
Small babies - Low Birth Weight (LBW) or (SGA)
Small for gestational age (SGA) babies are those whose birth weight lies below the 10th percentile for that gestational age. Low birth weight (LBW), is sometimes used to define a baby that weighs less than 5 lb 8 oz (2500 g) regardless of gestational age. One third of babies born with a low birth weight are also small for gestational age.
Other definitions include Very Low Birth Weight (VLBW) which is less than 3 lb 5 oz (1500 g), and Extremely Low Birth Weight (ELBW) which is less than 2 lb 3 oz (1000 g).
About 10 percent of fetuses are low birth weight. A health care provider may suspect fetal growth restriction if the mother's uterus measurement (fundal height) is lower than expected. This can be confirmed with a series of ultrasounds that will monitor how quickly the fetus is growing.
The main causes for Low Birth Weight:
The two main causes of LBW are early delivery, also known as preterm birth, and poor fetal growth. About 70% of all LBW babies are born preterm - before 37 completed weeks of pregnancy. The remaining 30% of low birth weight babies are born at full term, but did not grow properly in the womb.
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Some of the world's lowest birth weight babies
In the table below are some of the many Low Birth Weight babies born around the world. These tiny babies when born; many weeks premature, weighed less than a can of soda.