Kimberly - 10.6 ounces (300g) March 2007 - Germany
|Kimberly Mueller, is the smallest baby ever born and the youngest survivor in Germany after she was born 15 weeks prematurely. Her chances of living were rated at worse than 1,000-1.|
The tiny girl was kept in an incubator for warmth and drip-fed, while a respirator help her breathe.
She was also given a cocktail of drugs to boost an immune system that was barely formed.
"Babies as small as this usually have no chance," said Dr Oliver Moeller, a heart specialist who treated her. "We are incredibly lucky that she lived. Such a case I have never experienced. We had a lot of luck ... a lot."
Kimberly's mother Petra Mueller, 38, from Hanover, who remained at her daughter's bedside in intensive care at the University Clinic in Goettingen, was allowed only to stroke her with her finger.
"It was the nicest thing when she would grip my finger in her tiny hands," she recalled.
"She was like a little bear gripping a tree trunk, just hanging on for life as if she was saying
'Don't leave me, mummy'."
At three months, she faced a major setback, when doctors feared she could be blind. But laser treatment corrected the problem.
After six month's intensive care at the University Clinic in Goettingen, Kimberly had grown to weigh 5.5 pounds (2.5 kg) and measure 17 inches (43 cm), she was allowed to leave hospital and go to her Hanover home, living with daddy Andreas Mueller and mommy Petra Meuller.
During the next few weeks she continued to be fed artificially and still need to have oxygen as her lungs keep developing.
Premature babies in Germany
50,000 of about 800,000 babies born a year in Germany are born premature. These are newborns who come into the world before they have completed 37 weeks of pregnancy (Preterm). Approximately 8,000 of these children are very small premature babies under 30 weeks of pregnancy, and about 1,000 are extreme small premature babies of 24 and 25 weeks of pregnancy, these make great demands on the neonatal medical staff.
Frühgeborene in Deutschland
50.000 der ca. 800.000 jährlich in Deutschland geborenen Kinder sind Frühgeborene. Dies sind Neugeborene, die vor 37 vollendeten Schwangerschaftswochen (SSW) zur Welt kommen. Rund 8.000 dieser Kinder sind sehr kleine Frühgeborene unter 30 SSW, und ca. 1.000 sind extremst kleine Frühgeborene von 24 und 25 SSW, die große Anforderungen an die Neugeborenenmedizin stellen.
Small babies - Low Birth Weight (LBW) or (SGA)
Small for gestational age (SGA) babies are those whose birth weight lies below the 10th percentile for that gestational age. Low birth weight (LBW), is sometimes used to define a baby that weighs less than 5 lb 8 oz (2500 g) regardless of gestational age. One third of babies born with a low birth weight are also small for gestational age.
Other definitions include Very Low Birth Weight (VLBW) which is less than 3 lb 5 oz (1500 g), and Extremely Low Birth Weight (ELBW) which is less than 2 lb 3 oz (1000 g).
About 10 percent of fetuses are low birth weight. A health care provider may suspect fetal growth restriction if the mother's uterus measurement (fundal height) is lower than expected. This can be confirmed with a series of ultrasounds that will monitor how quickly the fetus is growing.
The main causes for Low Birth Weight:
The two main causes of LBW are early delivery, also known as preterm birth, and poor fetal growth. About 70% of all LBW babies are born preterm - before 37 completed weeks of pregnancy. The remaining 30% of low birth weight babies are born at full term, but did not grow properly in the womb.
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Some of the world's lowest birth weight babies
In the table below are some of the many Low Birth Weight babies born around the world. These tiny babies when born; many weeks premature, weighed less than a can of soda.